AFTER COP26… THE ADVENT.
After two weeks of negotiations, interviews, meetings, demonstrations and positions, the COP26 that was held in Glasgow has concluded. The Glasgow Summit has found a bleak outlook produced by the covid-19 pandemic, which has been related to globalization and the destruction of planetary habitat that also affects the climate so much, to which is added an increase in war conflicts and inequalities, exacerbated nationalisms, and a highly tense environment, among others.
In addition, awareness of the problem of climate change has already reached almost all the corners of the Earth. Among the 50,000 people who have participated in some way in COP26, indigenous peoples, young people, cities, the private sector, NGOs …, have been present and have managed to propose more subtle changes, but perhaps more consistent .
COP26 has been closed with a climate compromise agreement, but without enough ambition to prevent the planet's average temperature from rising by 1.5ºC by the middle of the century. Nor has the figure of 100,000 million been reached for aid to the so-called countries of the Global South, which has been postponed until 2023.
There have also been encouraging results.
- The first is to be able to reach a consensus of almost 200 countries with different interests, cultures, languages, visions, etc.
- In addition, most of the countries have signed more restrictive agreements for the non-financing of fossil fuels, which means that they are capable of doing this in their respective nations.
- Thus, the leaders of more than 120 countries, representing around 90% of the world’s forests, have committed to halting and reversing deforestation by 2030;
- led by the United States and Europe, 100 countries have agreed to reduce methane emissions by 2030;
- more than 40 countries have agreed to abandon coal and, among them, are large consumers such as Poland, Vietnam and Chile;
- nearly 500 global financial services companies have agreed to align $ 130 trillion with the goals of the Paris Agreement;
- more than 100 national governments, cities, states and large companies have signed the Glasgow Declaration to end the sale of cars and vans with internal combustion engines by 2035;
- Ireland, France, Denmark and Costa Rica, among others, as well as some sub-national governments, have launched the Beyond Oil and Gas Alliance (BOGA) to set a completion date for national oil and gas exploration and extraction, which already has 11 countries;
- At the last minute, the United States and China have pledged to push for climate cooperation over the next decade. They are not the only ones, there are many more.
We cannot give up or lose hope. Rather, we have no right to do so. We have been given on loan a land and a world to live and improve. And what we do with them depends on our present and their future.